Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Analysis of the Sources that Explained Mesopotamia in Preindustrial Annotated Bibliography

Examination of the Sources that Explained Mesopotamia in Preindustrial Era - Annotated Bibliography Example The issues will be connected to the financial and social prosperity of the nation. They will likewise be connected to the expanding settlement in the district with the emphasis being on how this article depicts early settlement. The social issues experienced are legitimately connected to urbanization which will be point by point upon by the articles. The point of the article will be to give data that would depict prior settlement. The article will give subtleties on how the issues influenced settlement in the city. This will likewise detail how it additionally influenced the basic plan of the city. The article likewise investigates models planned by preindustrial Mesopotamia in controling these social issues. The article likewise investigates the way wherein the two waterways circumscribing the city where affecting while at the same time developing the city and simultaneously continue life inside the city. The center will be to feature the variables that added to the issues and the a rrangements offered by the inhabitants inside the city. There is a need to concentrate on human geology. This source will detail the populace dispersion of the locale and simultaneously center around the monetary exercises of the district. The point will be to decide the human component in the presence of the city and how various societies coincided inside the city. The attention will be on how assets were disseminated inside the city. The point would be examined the populace development and to decide how this added to the extension of the city. The associations between human populace and the resident of the city will be engaged upon. The relocation designs and the number of inhabitants in the neighboring urban areas will be engaged upon. The variables that improved the movement will be examined. This will be contrasted with the accessible monetary exercises inside the area. The article will detail what assets were used during the advancement of the city.â

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Implication of Increasing Premium Rates Essays

Ramifications of Increasing Premium Rates Essays Ramifications of Increasing Premium Rates Paper Ramifications of Increasing Premium Rates Paper Clinical misbehavior protection ought to be a need for all human services suppliers, for example, doctors, clinical aides, attendants, and other clinical staffs. This will empower them to be shielded from liabilities and claims from considered â€Å"negligent acts†, for example, slip-ups, mishaps, and oversights that may make wounds or damage the patients. These missteps are unusual in spite of the aptitudes the clinical experts have (Rodgers). Clinical negligence may either be inability to analyze, misdiagnosis, inappropriate treatment or deferral in treatment. There are numerous instances of misbehavior, for example, wrong kidney activity, wrong treatment for influenza, or wrong eye activity. Claims other than this have been expanding over the previous years. Doctors can get away from such liabilities through clinical misbehavior protection. In any case, premium rates in clinical negligence protection have been expanding over the previous years. In 2003, the General Accounting Office of the United States discharged a report on clinical misbehavior protection and the variables that have added to the expansion of premium rates. The investigation was led so as to dissect the issue of doctors with respect to the increments of premium rates. Doctors were anguishing that they can no longer manage the cost of the negligence protection and they would be restricting their administrations, therefore. Then again, a few guarantors quit selling negligence protection as a result of little benefit (Medical Malpractice Insurance 2003). GAO discovered a few factors that added to the expansion of premium rates, for example, falling venture salary and rising reinsurance costs coming about to the increment of all out costs that other premium spreads (Medical Malpractice Insurance 2003). The expanding pattern in the exceptional paces of negligence protection started in the mid-1970s until the 1980s as a result of the numerous cases making a few guarantors stop in inclusion. Likewise, doctor claimed insurance agencies supplanted other obligation transporters whose point was to gain more benefit. The pattern cut off during the 1980s when premium expanded substantially more. So as to manage the expanding pattern, states passed laws to diminish premium rates (Thorpe, 2004). By the 1990s, increments in premium rates proceeded in a few states, for example, Pennsylvania. The emergency in the expanding premium rates pattern made some enormous back up plans close down, for example, the St. Paul Companies. Furthermore, handling claims by patients may take over two years accordingly making it difficult for back up plans to set premiums (Mello, 2006). Doctors in West Virginia energized against the high premiums which hindered the New Jersey and caused shutting of heath benefits briefly. There were likewise follow up rallies in Connecticut and different states (Thorpe, 2004). Obstetricians, gynecologist and neurosurgeons are incredibly influenced by the high premium rates making a few professionals quit giving medicinal services administrations. Martha Drohobyczer, a medical caretaker maternity specialist, for instance, couldn't convey the infant of her three-year long patient who was going to bring forth her first child. Drohobyczer can't manage the cost of the recently expanded negligence protection costing $50,000 every year. In this manner, she would not have the option to offer the types of assistance that her patients required (Babula, 2002). In 2003, the doctor claimed Medical Insurance Exchange of California (MIEC) finished inclusion in Nevada. MIEC has been giving protection fro doctors in Nevada for a long time. This move by the MIEC was dreaded to lead the pattern of insurance agencies shutting down (Babula, 2003). Last March 2007, the Americans for Insurance Reform discharged a report about the steady misfortunes or the unsteady paces of clinical misbehavior protection. By 2005, doctors paid $13,000 premium with $5,400 direct misfortunes paid. This implies specialists paid $5,400 every year to individuals who professed to be harmed in addition to the sum the insurance agencies paid for legal counselors (Medical Malpractice Inusrance: Stable Losses/Unstable Rates 2007, 2007). References Babula, J. (2002). Clinical Malpractice Crisis: Insurance costs pushing specialists away. Recovered October 19, 2007 from reviewjournal. com/lvrj_home/2002/Jan-23-Wed-2002/news/17929548. html Babula, J. (2003). Another protection firm set to leave. Las Vegas Review-Journal. Recovered October 19, 2007 from reviewjournal. com/lvrj_home/2003/Jul-31-Thu 2003/news/21845688. html Medical Malpractice Insurance: Multiple Factors Have Contributed to Increased Premium Rates. (2003). ): United States General Accounting Office. Recovered October 19, 2007 from gao. gov/new. things/d03702. pdf Medical Malpractice Inusrance: Stable Losses/Unstable Rates 2007. (2007). ): American for Insurance Reform. Recovered October 19, 2007 from protection change. organization/StableLosses2007. pdf Mello, M. M. (2006). Understanding Medical Malpractice Insurance: A Primer. Robertwood Johnson Foundation, 1-20. Recovered October 19, 2007 from rwjf. organization/pr/blend/reports_and_briefs/pdf/no8_primer. pdf Rodgers, D. Significance of Professional Liability and Malpractice Insurance. Recovered October 19, 2007, from http://profiles. friendster. com/client. php Thorpe, K. E. (2004). The Medical Malpractice ‘Crisis’: Recent Trends And The Impact Of State Tort Reforms. Wellbeing Affairs. Recovered October 19, 2007 from http://content. healthaffairs. organization/cgi/content/full/hlthaff. w4. 20v1/DC1

Graffiti as Expression Art Essay Example For Students

Spray painting as Expression Art Essay Spray painting for me is a realistic articulation that communicates the inward character of the applied, in which the essential apparatus is splash paint, these articulations are found in the avenues and open places, that have a basic role which is to show the nearness or the presence of any individual, every one of these articulations that are made with the spray painting are secretly and all the time with unsafe, on the grounds that it harms the picture of the lanes and open and private places, each drawn of spray painting in the city of wherever in the city requires a great deal of innovativeness and capacity to play out every one of the articulations or sentiments of these mysterious creators reflect, which most are youthful folks. As I would like to think I believe that spray painting is a fine art that can be legitimate and acknowledged by society, its simply a question of giving these youthful craftsmen the chance and certainty important for them to demonstrate that it is an artistic expression that meets all prerequisites to be appreciated and perceived as any fine art of some well known painter, thus along these lines it could be appeared and give any exceptional space for them to understand their innovativeness and emotions they need to appear in their work. Step by step, we have seen today that the same number of networks are giving them the space and open door for them to communicate unreservedly and to demonstrate they are not only a scrawl or basic pondered or paints a divider or in a train vehicle stripes, in light of the fact that for them these works of art has a significant implying that individuals don't have the foggiest idea, possibly its a sort of conveying they utilize express to individuals as their day by day lives, or are carrying on with that life, or just to overlook any issues they may have at home these youngsters, or by a straightforward enthusiasm to workmanship and shading, and when they will do a spray painting they as of now have at the top of the priority list a sort of configuration, shape, shading, point of view, and so on in light of the fact that like numerous things called craftsmanship, this has numerous highlights to get into the classification of being a decent show-stopper, since it creators can communi cate their sentiments and do as such in an alternate manner which we are totally used to finding in a workmanship exhibition. Be that as it may, this doesn't mean it can't be called workmanship. Perhaps I concur that numerous viewpoints that the creators of these works shows and express that they feel isn't right, and you can bring them into struggle with the individuals around you for doing this sort of workmanship in one spot explicit, and this will manage them to have some forceful conduct, since they believe that individuals don't comprehend them when they need to mirror their ability at anyplace and in the moment they are feeling, yet this is on the grounds that not every person acknowledges it as something recreational, since the greater part of these youngsters simply stroll down the road meandering around and individuals figure they may be an awful impact later on for those which is in contact with this kind of urban craftsmanship. The significant articulation of this is to show youngsters that are keen on learning strategies of spray painting the contrast between spray painting workmanship or vandalism, could be called craftsmanship when these methods are utilized in an allowed place, since this could be identified with the workmanship, history and culture of a Country, considering and reflecting a large number of the well known specialists painted their centerpieces on the dividers, with the main distinction that utilizing other media, another individual perspective is that the spray painting could have a significant spot in the part of workmanship, or perhaps it as of now is a piece of it, which is in all likelihood, since it requires a lot of information to make something like this since it joins a few technique’s craftsmanship in a solitary drawing, with one of a kind and not quite the same as the remainder of different plans, by along these lines ought to be esteemed distinctively to different type s of workmanship way, valuing that may likewise have a similar nostalgic incentive as any gem, and possibly not every person may have a similar assessment as me, however for me I think that is the main thing at whatever point a masterpiece is being created, ought to be finished with what we have inside ourselves, do it with heart.

Friday, August 21, 2020

The Rules Of Life: Epictetus View Essay -- essays research papers

The Rules of Life: Epictetus’ View      As levelheaded creatures, we can get aware of the law that directs all things. Excellence comprises in cognizant concurrence with the unavoidable request of things. As indicated by Epictetus’ The Enchiridion, one acts with the ethics of Stoicism: human flaw, judiciousness, balance, and boldness. We can relate what Epictetus is stating to our own lives. It gives the idea that some solace comes in realizing that one has no influence over the foreordained.      Epictetus speaks to a heap of ideas. One idea of which being that one should live with the consciousness of human flaw and finitude. He communicates the supposition that one can give up the sentiments of lack of respect and want by permitting all that is disastrous to show up before one’s eyes every day. Epictetus states, â€Å"Let demise and outcast and everything that is awful show up before your eyes each day, particularly passing; and you will have nothing detestable in your considerations or ache for anything excessively† (XXI). It is significant that we are mindful to the way that there is a lot of despondency and misery in this world. On the off chance that we don't open ourselves to such issues, these things will devour us.      Epictetus additionally passes on that judiciousness is critical. It is critical to take a gander at all the things that encompass one’s dealings. On the off chance that these things are not rendered, the result will make one dishonorably stop what he is doing. One must perceive what it is that he is getting into before really participating in it. Epictetus states it obviously: For each activity, consider what paves the way to it and what tails it, and approach it in the light of that. Else you will come to it excitedly from the outset, since you have not borne at the top of the priority list any of what will occur straightaway, yet later when troubles turn up you will surrender it disgracefully†¦You should either chip away at your decision standard, or work on facades, practice the craftsmanship both of what is inside or of what is outside, that is, assume the job both of a logician or of a non-rationalist. (XXIX) The case of a competitor is adjusted to explain this conviction. In the event that one needs to be a star competitor, at that point it is significant for one to prepare appropriately and buckle down before the occasion. Assuming that one doesn't get ready for the occasion, at that point the desire sh... ...meone else nor himself† (V). This is, maybe, one of Epictetus’ most powerful thoughts. As this is obviously something that those in today’s society can relate and use from everyday. Epictetus shows us numerous instrumental ideas in The Enchiridion. He accepts that there is a law that directs all things and that righteousness comprises in the unavoidable request of things. Human blemish and cutoff is an acknowledgment that many presently can't seem to come to. Moreover, alert is significant when deciding to accomplish an objective. It is essential to see all components before hopping into something that could wind up causing one agony and disappointment at long last. One must pass on a feeling of discretion consistently. Epictetus gives us understanding on the most proficient method to carry on with a parsimonious life. At long last, men are upset not by events, yet by the perspectives which they take of these happenings. The man of incredible knowledge denounces neither himself nor another when something goes ineffectively in his life. As we have seen, it is simple for one to relate Epictetus’ convictions to his own life in today’s society. It is a stunning accomplishment for Epictetus to have composed The Enchiridion such a long time ago, and for it to apply to our present world.

Fortress of Solitude by Jonathan Lethem

In his book Fortress of Solitude, Jonathan Lethem recounts to the narrative of two young men Mingus Rude who is dark and Dylan Ebdus who is white. These two young men are companions, yet the distinction in their races makes their fellowship very hard.Advertising We will compose a custom book audit test on Fortress of Solitude by Jonathan Lethem explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The two live in a Brooklyn neighborhood where a large portion of the occupants are solely dark. In this novel, Lethem recounts to the narrative of America during the 1970s when a ton was going on concerning racial issues. The peruser can likewise relate this novel to the 1990s when nobody appeared to think about the other individual. Stronghold of Solitude is the narrative of racial strain and this paper will concentrate on examining this subject and how this book identifies with the American Dream. This epic focuses on issues of race, improvement, music and culture. Be that as it may, the subject of racial pressure rules the book particularly with the story being fixated on two companions who have racial contrasts. Despite the fact that Dylan is white and his companion Rude is dark, the two young men share comparable preferences for music and comic books. Dylan is a white child living amidst a dark network in Brooklyn and simply like different youngsters in the local he goes to the state funded schools. Dylan’s adolescence is shown as one loaded up with â€Å"public humiliation, burdening, and bullying† (Lethem 3).It is certain that there exists a racial strain between the general public, Rude and Dylan and accordingly their relationship must be stayed quiet about. Dylan’s encounters while growing up gives an away from of racial pressure; he and his folks Abraham and Rachael have a place with the â€Å"self styled improvement project† that is driven by a white lady named Isabel Vendle. As indicated by Lethem improvement implies â€Å"unc ool† in this manner this venture exhibits blacks as â€Å"uncool† (12). The aim of Isabel to begin the undertaking was to change Gowanus into Boerum Hill by having the brownstones â€Å"figuratively dyed of their hues, and the Puerto Rican and dark populaces respecting more extravagant whites† (Lethem 13).Advertising Looking for book audit on american writing? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dylan was intrigued by the improvement venture and this is confirm through his refusal to play with a dark young lady just on the grounds that she is of an alternate race which is said to be uncool. The girls’ portrayal in the initial not many lines of the novel demonstrates racial strain; â€Å"the two white young ladies in red vinyl roller skates with white bands on a split blue record walkway appearing as though a match struck in an obscured room† (Lethem 3). This portrayal throws an image of complexity among light and dull in the terms of race. Dylan’s fellowship with Mingus Rude can be seen has a shaft which he uses to triangulate his own racial character. With the way that he is a white kid living in a dark neighborhood whose entertainments incorporate muggings and harassing, his companionship to Rude is a blessing to him from the sky. In such an area and the way that he is white, Dylan needs a great deal of security from the blacks; this must be accomplished through become a close acquaintence with Rude who is dark. Indeed, Mingus Rude is an old buddy just as a good example to Dylan. Dylan relies upon Rude for security and his passageway to control structure of Dean Street. As their kinship advances, the two young men get pulled in to one another impractically. The strain in racial relations here can be thought as the relationship that is relied upon to exist between a white and a dark; a relationship of ace hireling. Racial strain is seen where Dylan becomes friends wi th another white kid Arthur Lomb in order to overcome the school years ordinarily. The distinction comes in where both white young men adopt various strategies towards life. Dylan chooses to go to a white and first class secondary school while Arthur decides to spend time with dark children. Arthur gets to know Mingus Rude and Robert Woolfolk who become his good examples showing him â€Å"niggerfication.† Dylan accepts that, the differentiation found between being dark or white does make a difference even where it is relied upon not to. About the Chinese youngsters, Dylan says that â€Å"the Chinese kids in school weren’t white and they weren’t so that was a plus† (Lethem 32).Advertising We will compose a custom book survey test on Fortress of Solitude by Jonathan Lethem explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More He keeps on saying â€Å"anyway it wasn’t their shortcoming they were Chinese† (Lethem 32). It was not Dylan’s flaw also; his social legacy of being white gave him class and racial separation. Consequently, Dylan imitates the dark culture by tuning in to dark music, keeping a â€Å"afro† and having a dark sweetheart (Lethem 56). For this situation, Dylan appears to deny his race hence causing progressively racial relationship strains between the dark and the white network. The contradicting incongruity of Dylan being white appears to torment him the greater part of the occasions. His life as a â€Å"white boy† is met by unlimited embarrassments (Lethem 56). No different, his â€Å"whiteness† additionally bears him a chance to leave the severe dark neighborhood to a more extravagant and celebrated one in Vermont. Racial pressure is seen where even with white youngsters encompass him, Dylan doesn't really fit in. at the point when Dylan goes to the school party, he says â€Å"that simple apportionment of move floor funk was a first taste, for me, of something I urgently n eeded to comprehend: the rural neglectfulness of these white kids to the complicated limits of race and music which were my legacy and fixation. No one here minded it was just a danceable song† (Lethem 59). This statement delineates the racial strains which may exist between individuals of a similar race. Albeit racial relations are the primary topic of this book the characters assume jobs that appear to be foreordained. All blacks in the novel are sentimentalized in spite of their shifted occupations; regardless of whether a mugger or a performer, if the individual is dark, he o she is sentimentalized. As a racial test, Dylan bombs when he chooses to enhance â€Å"black cowhide coats and white kid rock† to be a piece of the Stately Wayne Manor band. Victimization the dark network is apparent where Rude is left to be â€Å"a detainee of the streets† (Lethem 66). Now, the peruser can tell that there exists a racial pressure among Dylan and Rude; Dylan shouts †Å"hey, it’s not supremacist to discover blacks sincere as nonconformists, wide, and humiliating as a comic book these young men are punks and punks jeer that’s what they do manage it† (Lethem 66).Advertising Searching for book audit on american writing? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More The American dream guarantees achievement and success for any resident of the US in spite of their racial foundation. Then again, the American Dream recommends that for individuals to succeed, they should buckle down. In the novel Fortress of Solitude, the American Dream of equivalent rights for each one is found to come up short. There is widespread racial segregation in the Brooklyn neighborhood which makes it difficult for the minority to live the American Dream. It is expressed in the American dream that â€Å"all men are made equal† yet in Dylan’s society there are individuals who are â€Å"more equivalent than all in all, Fortress of Solitude is a book that clarifies strains that exist between individuals of various races particularly the dark and the white network. The creator Jonathan Lethem really tells his own story when he was experiencing childhood in Brooklyn and his desires for the American Dream as a relative of Greece. The connection between the primary hero Dylan and Mingus Rude unmistakably show the pressure in racial connections. The race distinction in these young men drives them to entirely unexpected universes at long last. While Dylan turns into a writer, Rude winds up in jail. This is the image in our cutting edge world particularly in nations where racial separation is confirm. Work Cited Lethem, Jonathan. The Fortress of Solitude: A Novel. New York: Doubleday, 2004. Print. This book audit on Fortress of Solitude by Jonathan Lethem was composed and presented by client Hindsight Lad to help you with your own examinations. You are allowed to utilize it for research and reference purposes so as to compose your own paper; in any case, you should refer to it as needs be. You can give your paper here.

Monday, June 29, 2020

How Well Does the American Constitution Work - 1650 Words

How Well Does the American Constitution Work? (Other (Not Listed) Sample) Content: American Constitution NameProfessorInstitutionCourseDate IntroductionThe United States Constitution has played its role to a great impact in the several years and continues to do so up to date, regardless of having been written several hundred years ago. To meet this particular purpose of having an efficient Constitution requires having it drafted in such a way, its roles are vividly defined for governing a country and should have the elasticity to develop to meet new challenges and international transformations without having its founding principle changed in the progress. Nevertheless in today's' contemporary society, there are elements of the Constitution that some individuals highly believe are not completely fit in terms of dealing with new challenges facing the United States today, that may have not been considered in the past but now have become topics that must be dealt with. The United States currently is one of the world's most powerful as well as respected nations of the modern society is no longer an adolescent entity attempting to find its way in the world, but has grown over time into a sophisticated nation, whose economy is beyond comparison and is known as "the land of opportunity". It is vividly clear that a nation of such magnitude and size could have only been an aspiration at the time of the founding fathers. At the time at which the Constitution was drafted, the main issue was to run away from the European system of government at that time.The Democratic norms in the United StatesThere has been an historical view of the American democratic tradition with analytical overtones showing how democracy has transformed over the course of American history. The United States is a democracy. There is no doubt of that, but the American democratic tradition is largely something of a myth. First, a few clarification; the definition of democracy is asmajorityrule andminorityrights. Of these the second is more significant than the first. There are several despotisms which have majority rule. Hitler held plebiscites in which he obtained over 92 percent of the vote, and most of the people who were qualified to vote did vote. I think that in China today a majority of the people supports the government, but China is certainly not a democracy. The essential half of this definition then, is the second half, minority rights. What that means is that a minority has those rights which enable it to work within the system and to build itself up to be a majority and replace the governing majority. Moderate deviations from majority rule do not usually undermine democracy. In fact, absolute democracy does not really exist at the nation-state level. For example, a modest poll tax as a qualification for voting would be an infringement on the principle of majority rule but restrictions on the suffrage would have to go pretty far before they really abrogated democracy(Bessette Pitney, 2011). Another basic point, democracy is not the highest political value. Speeches about democracy and the democratic tradition might lead one to think this is the most perfect political system ever devised. That just is not true. There are other political values which are more important and urgent, security, for instance. And one would suggest that political stability and political responsibility are also more important. In deed, one would define a good government as a responsible government. In every society there is a structure of power. A government is responsible when its political processes reflect that power structure, thus ensuring that the power structure will never be able to overthrow the government. If a society in fact could be ruled by a minority because those in power had the authority to rule and the political system reflected that situation by giving governing power to the elite, then, it seems to me, we would have a responsible government even though it was not democratic. Now there are several features of dem ocracy that many individuals really do not know about. It is said, for instance, that government officials are elected by the voters, and the one that gets the most votes is elected. I would think this is misleading. The outcome of an election is not determined by those who vote, but by those who do not vote. Since 1945 or so, The United States has had pretty close elections, with not much more than half of the population voting. In the 1968 election almost 80 million voted, and almost 50 million citizens qualified to vote did not. The outcome was determined by the 50 million who did not vote. If one could have got 2 percent of the non-voters to the polls to vote for your candidate, you could have elected him. And that has been true of most of our recent elections. It's the ones who don't vote who determine the outcome (Hamilton, Madison Jay, 2013). Something else we tend to overlook is that the nomination process is much more important than the election process. I startle a lot o f my colleagues who think they know England pretty well by asking them how candidates for election are nominated in England. They don't have conventions or primary elections. So the important thing is who names the candidates. In any democratic country, if you could name the candidates of all parties, you wouldn't care who voted or how, because your man would be elected. So the nominations are more important than the elections.In the book Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson. At the heart of the book is its unprecedented revelation of how legislative power functions is in America, how the Senate works, and how Johnson, in his ascent to the presidency, mastered the Senate as no political leader before him had ever done. It was during these years that all Johnson's experience from his Texas Hill Country boyhood to his passionate representation in Congress of his hardscrabble constituents to his tireless construction of a political machine came to fruition. Caro introduces the story with a dramatic account of the Senate itself: how Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and John C. Calhoun had made it the center of governmental energy, the forum in which the great issues of the country were thrashed out. And how, by the time Johnson arrived, it had dwindled into a body that merely responded to executive initiatives, all but impervious to the forces of change. Caro anatomizes the genius for political strategy and tactics by which, in an institution that had made the seniority system all-powerful for a century and more, Johnson became Majority Leader after only a single term, the youngest and greatest Senate Leader in our history; how he manipulated the Senate's hallowed rules and customs and the weaknesses and strengths of his colleagues to change the "unchangeable" Senate from a loose confederation of sovereign senators to a whirring legislative machine under his own iron-fisted control(Strunk, 2006). Caro demonstrates how Johnson's political genius enabled hi m to reconcile the irreconcilable: to retain the support of the southerners who controlled the Senate while earning the trust or at least the cooperation of the liberals, led by Paul Douglas and Hubert Humphrey, without whom he could not achieve his goal of winning the presidency. He shows the dark side of Johnson's ambition: how he proved his loyalty to the great oil barons who had financed his rise to power by ruthlessly destroying the career of the New Dealer who was in charge of regulating them, Federal Power Commission Chairman Leland Olds. And we watch him achieve the impossible: convincing southerners that although he was firmly in their camp as the anointed successor to their leader, Richard Russell, it was essential that they allow him to make some progress toward civil rights. In a breathtaking tour de force, Caro details Johnson's amazi... How Well Does the American Constitution Work - 1650 Words How Well Does the American Constitution Work? (Other (Not Listed) Sample) Content: American Constitution NameProfessorInstitutionCourseDate IntroductionThe United States Constitution has played its role to a great impact in the several years and continues to do so up to date, regardless of having been written several hundred years ago. To meet this particular purpose of having an efficient Constitution requires having it drafted in such a way, its roles are vividly defined for governing a country and should have the elasticity to develop to meet new challenges and international transformations without having its founding principle changed in the progress. Nevertheless in today's' contemporary society, there are elements of the Constitution that some individuals highly believe are not completely fit in terms of dealing with new challenges facing the United States today, that may have not been considered in the past but now have become topics that must be dealt with. The United States currently is one of the world's most powerful as well as respected nations of the modern society is no longer an adolescent entity attempting to find its way in the world, but has grown over time into a sophisticated nation, whose economy is beyond comparison and is known as "the land of opportunity". It is vividly clear that a nation of such magnitude and size could have only been an aspiration at the time of the founding fathers. At the time at which the Constitution was drafted, the main issue was to run away from the European system of government at that time.The Democratic norms in the United StatesThere has been an historical view of the American democratic tradition with analytical overtones showing how democracy has transformed over the course of American history. The United States is a democracy. There is no doubt of that, but the American democratic tradition is largely something of a myth. First, a few clarification; the definition of democracy is asmajorityrule andminorityrights. Of these the second is more significant than the first. There are several despotisms which have majority rule. Hitler held plebiscites in which he obtained over 92 percent of the vote, and most of the people who were qualified to vote did vote. I think that in China today a majority of the people supports the government, but China is certainly not a democracy. The essential half of this definition then, is the second half, minority rights. What that means is that a minority has those rights which enable it to work within the system and to build itself up to be a majority and replace the governing majority. Moderate deviations from majority rule do not usually undermine democracy. In fact, absolute democracy does not really exist at the nation-state level. For example, a modest poll tax as a qualification for voting would be an infringement on the principle of majority rule but restrictions on the suffrage would have to go pretty far before they really abrogated democracy(Bessette Pitney, 2011). Another basic point, democracy is not the highest political value. Speeches about democracy and the democratic tradition might lead one to think this is the most perfect political system ever devised. That just is not true. There are other political values which are more important and urgent, security, for instance. And one would suggest that political stability and political responsibility are also more important. In deed, one would define a good government as a responsible government. In every society there is a structure of power. A government is responsible when its political processes reflect that power structure, thus ensuring that the power structure will never be able to overthrow the government. If a society in fact could be ruled by a minority because those in power had the authority to rule and the political system reflected that situation by giving governing power to the elite, then, it seems to me, we would have a responsible government even though it was not democratic. Now there are several features of dem ocracy that many individuals really do not know about. It is said, for instance, that government officials are elected by the voters, and the one that gets the most votes is elected. I would think this is misleading. The outcome of an election is not determined by those who vote, but by those who do not vote. Since 1945 or so, The United States has had pretty close elections, with not much more than half of the population voting. In the 1968 election almost 80 million voted, and almost 50 million citizens qualified to vote did not. The outcome was determined by the 50 million who did not vote. If one could have got 2 percent of the non-voters to the polls to vote for your candidate, you could have elected him. And that has been true of most of our recent elections. It's the ones who don't vote who determine the outcome (Hamilton, Madison Jay, 2013). Something else we tend to overlook is that the nomination process is much more important than the election process. I startle a lot o f my colleagues who think they know England pretty well by asking them how candidates for election are nominated in England. They don't have conventions or primary elections. So the important thing is who names the candidates. In any democratic country, if you could name the candidates of all parties, you wouldn't care who voted or how, because your man would be elected. So the nominations are more important than the elections.In the book Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson. At the heart of the book is its unprecedented revelation of how legislative power functions is in America, how the Senate works, and how Johnson, in his ascent to the presidency, mastered the Senate as no political leader before him had ever done. It was during these years that all Johnson's experience from his Texas Hill Country boyhood to his passionate representation in Congress of his hardscrabble constituents to his tireless construction of a political machine came to fruition. Caro introduces the story with a dramatic account of the Senate itself: how Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and John C. Calhoun had made it the center of governmental energy, the forum in which the great issues of the country were thrashed out. And how, by the time Johnson arrived, it had dwindled into a body that merely responded to executive initiatives, all but impervious to the forces of change. Caro anatomizes the genius for political strategy and tactics by which, in an institution that had made the seniority system all-powerful for a century and more, Johnson became Majority Leader after only a single term, the youngest and greatest Senate Leader in our history; how he manipulated the Senate's hallowed rules and customs and the weaknesses and strengths of his colleagues to change the "unchangeable" Senate from a loose confederation of sovereign senators to a whirring legislative machine under his own iron-fisted control(Strunk, 2006). Caro demonstrates how Johnson's political genius enabled hi m to reconcile the irreconcilable: to retain the support of the southerners who controlled the Senate while earning the trust or at least the cooperation of the liberals, led by Paul Douglas and Hubert Humphrey, without whom he could not achieve his goal of winning the presidency. He shows the dark side of Johnson's ambition: how he proved his loyalty to the great oil barons who had financed his rise to power by ruthlessly destroying the career of the New Dealer who was in charge of regulating them, Federal Power Commission Chairman Leland Olds. And we watch him achieve the impossible: convincing southerners that although he was firmly in their camp as the anointed successor to their leader, Richard Russell, it was essential that they allow him to make some progress toward civil rights. In a breathtaking tour de force, Caro details Johnson's amazi...

Tuesday, June 2, 2020

The Significance of Language Adaptation in Cisneros’ The House on Mango Street - Literature Essay Samples

The House on Mango Street written by Sandra Cisneros is a novel which raises many issues worth mentioning. This essay, however, discusses the importance of adapting to the new surroundings, especially to the use of language. Throughout the book the protagonist Esperanza tries to distance herself from her Hispanic tradition; she wants to escape Mango Street, misery, poverty, and Chicano community which damages women beyond repair. She wants to accomplish the â€Å"American Dream† and have the house of her own â€Å"like the houses on T.V.† The Mexican house on Mango Street is not it; she yearns for an American one. In her pursuit of doing that, she must choose one culture over the other. The same goes for language; Esperanza has to separate herself from her Hispanic roots and Spanish tongue, so she can truly free herself from Mango Street. Although Esperanza grew up in a Spanish-speaking community, she favors English language and voices a slight aversion to her culture. She implies this when she says, â€Å"In English my name means hope. In Spanish it means too many letters. It means sadness, it means waiting.† (Cisneros 10). The English meaning is positive and pleasant, whereas the Spanish one is gloomy and does not give her any hope. Characters in the novel are portrayed similarly; the ones who are bilingual are presented in a positive light when on the other hand the Spanish speaking individuals are sympathized or even made fun of (Betz 20). The vignette â€Å"Geraldo No Last Name† shows us of how little significance death of â€Å"just another wetback† is. Nameless Geraldo dies before anyone can identify him. Marin gets tired of describing what has happened and as well â€Å"cant explain why it mattered, the hours and hours, for somebody she didnt even know.† (Cisneros 66) It is explicitly shown how â€Å"[a]nonymity becomes a marker of one’s disposability† (Burcar 56). He was just â€Å"another brazer who didn’t speak English† (Cisneros 66). He did not matter and was yet one more stereotype of a migrant worker. He was not important enough for the doctor to be disturbed, as there was â€Å"[n]obody but an intern working all alone† (Cisneros 66). Since he does not speak English, Esperanza portrays him as a redundant human being. There is no translation of the word â€Å"brazer† and the readers consider the boy to be â€Å"just another foreign, distant object † (Betz 22). Cisneros in â€Å"No Speak English† shows us precisely just how important acculturation is. Everybody notices the arrival of â€Å"huge, enormous, beautiful† woman Mamacita, who soon becomes rather invisible. â€Å"Somebody said because she’s too fat, somebody because of the three flights of stairs, but I believe she doesn’t come out because she is afraid to speak English, and maybe this is so since she only knows eight words† (Cisneros 77). Mamacita due to her limited knowledge of English isolates herself and does not want to leave the apartment. Homesickness provoked by her â€Å"linguistic and geographic displacement† (Martin 63) makes her miserable and the desire to go back to her true home is tremendous. She does not belong and is not willing to assimilate, for she is afraid that with the use of the English language she will further distance herself from her culture and forget about her roots. The only connection with the Spanish language is the Spanish radio show, which she listens all the time, because even her husband yells at her in English. â€Å" ¡Ay, caray! We are home. This is home. Here I am and here I stay. Speak English. Speak English. Christ!† (Cisneros 78) Thus, Mamacita cannot find comfort in him, nor in her baby, who â€Å"starts to sing the Pepsi commercial he heard on TV† and consequently â€Å"breaks her heart† (Cisneros 78). Because of the loss of her â€Å"linguisti c identity† and â€Å"dislocat[ion] from her own house of memory, Mamacita has become another of the watching, waiting women of Mango Street† (Martin 63). In other words, she has lost the ability to express herself in the language she was raised which is the source of her anguish and alienation. The struggle of having to assimilate to the new language is also presented through Esperanza’s father. â€Å"My father says when he came to this country he ate hamandeggs for three months† (Cisneros 77). Not being able to speak English, he was forced to constantly eat the dish he did not even like. Although he had to learn the dominant language, the use of Spanish can be seen in â€Å"Papa who wakes up tired in the dark†. â€Å"Your abuelito is dead, Papa says early one morning in my room. Està ¡ muerto, and then as if he just heard the news himself, crumples like a coat and cries, my brave Papa cries† (Cisneros 56). Spanish words have an emotional connotation and display a certain level of intimacy in this particular event, as the father reaches for comfort in the familiarity of his native language. Betz notes that Esperanza sees her father as fragile because he decides to speak Spanish. He, like Geraldo and Mamacita, is a figure to be pitied (25). People of the community believe that they cannot leave Mango Street because of the language barrier, but once they accept and learn English, they are no longer limited and anything is possible. Compared to the first sections Esperanza towards the end of the novel uses less Spanish phrases, which may indicate that she successfully accomplishes her dream of moving away (Betz 22). To escape the barrio, poverty, and pursue the â€Å"American Dream† one must acquire English and accept it as it was a mother-tongue. The environment will not adapt to one’s needs, it is up to individual to adapt to it. Works Cited Betz, M. Regina. Chicana â€Å"Belonging† in Sandra Cisneros’ The House on Mango Street. Rocky Mountain Review, Special Issue, 2012, 18-33. Web. 29 April 2016 Burcar, Lilijana. American Literature and its Socio-Political Context. Ljubljana: Ljubljana University Press, 2014. Print. Cisneros, Sandra. The House on Mango Street. New York: Vintage Books, 1991. Print. Martin W., Karin. â€Å"The House (of Memory) on Mango Street: Sandra Cisneros’s Counter-Poetics of Space.† South Atlantic Review 73. 1 (Winter 2008): 50-67. JSTOR. Web. 29 April 2016